The history of Tanzania ( Tanganyika and Zanzibar) is characterized by peaceful coexistence of Africans native and Arabs traders through out centuries while intermarriages which led the Swahili culture to prosper around the coast to interior as far as west of Tanzania – Ujiji to Congo and Burundi. The mostly peaceful coexistence history were shuttered by the emergence of Europeans colonilisation move which emerged from the coming of Europeans as Christian missionaries and explorers like Carl Peters, Livingstone, Stanley, Speke, Rebmans, etc. As a result this led into 1884 Berlin conference for partition of Africa by Europeans in which Tanganyika experienced massive resistance from local people.
There are several historical features and areas around the country especially where various local resistance occurred in defend of their country in the wake of colonilisation since 1880. Leave alone the famous Maji Maji resistance movements which took German 8 years to suppress after various losses. There were several battles while others declared as Jihad includes great worriers like Sulayman Mamba (Kinjikitile ) who declared Jihad from Lindi to Kisarawe , Mkwawa defeated Germans twice, Bushiri declared Jihad from in Pangani to Bagamoyo while Mangi Sina Mandara wage a war in Moshi and Mirambo in Tabora. Later they were all hanged by Germans except Mkwawa who refuse to surrender and killed himself.
You may visits areas where the battle took place and where these great people brutally were hanged and buried including, Sulayman Mamba - Kisarawe, Mkwawa Lugalo – Iringa, also visit Moshi and Pangani to see the trees where Mangi Sina and Bushiri respectively were hanged.